Introduction Ocrelizumab (OCR) is a humanised anti-CD20+ monoclonal antibody for the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis.
Objectives In Australian MSBase clinics, we describe baseline characteristics of relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients treated with OCR, treatment pathways and early clinical outcomes.
Methods Secondary analysis using MSBase Registry data for RRMS patients with OCR initiation within 3 months of MSBase recorded visit. Descriptive statistics included demographics, disease course/duration, prior disease modifying therapies (DMT) and EDSS. Relapse data was described in patients with ≥6 months follow-up.
Results As of 4 June 2020, MSBase included 624 eligible Australian RRMS patients newly treated with OCR. Median age at OCR initiation was 42.5 years. OCR was first line therapy in 18.9% of patients. Most frequent DMT’s in the 12 months prior to OCR were natalizumab (32.1%) and fingolimod (24.8%). Of 434 RRMS patients with ≥6 months follow-up, 392 remained relapse free (90.3%; 95% CI 81.6, 99.7) over a mean OCR exposure of 1.35 years. In this group, the annualized relapse rate (ARR) was 0.10 (95% CI 0.08-0.13), compared to an ARR of 0.83 in the 24 months pre-OCR start. Treatment discontinuation was recorded for 20 of these 434 patients In the overall RRMS cohort, treatment persistence at 12 and 24 months was 94.3% (95%CI: 90.9%-96.1%%) and 88.7% (95%CI 77.2%-94.0%), respectively.
Conclusion Almost 20% of RRMS patients treated with OCR in Australian MSBase centres received OCR as a first line treatment. During OCR treatment, relapses and OCR discontinuations were rare.
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