Table 4

A randomised study on the effectiveness of prophylactic phenytoin for preventing post-traumatic seizure: predictors of early post-traumatic seizure

Seizure presentNo seizureP value
Age (years), N (%)*
 15 and below6 (33.3)12 (66.7)0.001
 Above 155 (6.6)71 (93.4)
Gender, N (%)*
 Male9 (11.7)68 (88.3)0.993
 Female2 (11.8)15 (88.2)
Phenytoin prophylaxis, N (%)*
 None10 (21.3)37 (78.7)0.008
 Yes1 (2.1)46 (97.9)
Severity, N (%)*
 Severe5 (26.3)14 (73.7)0.033
 Moderate4 (20.0)16 (80.0)
 Mild2 (3.6)53 (96.4)
Contusion, N (%)†5 (20.8)19 (79.2)0.107
Intracranial haematoma, N (%)†‡2 (12.5)14 (87.5)1.000
  • *Pearson χ2 test performed.

  • †Fisher’s exact performed.

  • ‡Intracranial haematoma defined as subdural hematoma and/or intracerebral haemorrhage.